Role in SEAS-ERA: ANR will lead WP2 (Common Programmes). It will also contribute to thematic WPs (WP1, WP3, WP9, WP10), and will join the Atlantic and Mediterranean networks (WP6, WP7), specially regarding the common programmes.
The French National Research Agency (ANR), created on February 2005, is a public organisation devoted to research projects funding. Its aim is to stimulate French research, to bring more flexibility, reactivity and, as a consequence, competitiveness while keeping a good balance between fundamental research and applied research.
With a total budget of 839 M€, in 2008, ANR complements the recurrent funding of French research organisations with a funding system based on objectives and projects. The objective of ANR is to enhance the reactivity of the French system for research and innovation and for this it:
- Encourages the emergence of new concepts via the "non thematic programme"
- Increases research activity on societal and economic priorities via « thematic » programmes
- Develops transfer of knowledge and partnerships between public research and industry via collaborative research projects.
Every year the ANR publishes about 50 calls for proposals. About 1500 projects are selected among 6000 proposals through competition and peer review with an independent selection procedure (The selection procedure is certified ISO 9001 since 2008). In average 30% of reviewing experts are coming from abroad. The ANR programmes target the whole scientific community, both public research institutions and private companies.
The agency funds all science and technology areas via two major families of programmes:
- The non thematic "blue sky", "young researcher" and "excellence chair " programmes, which target bottom-up projects and for which the only selection criterion is scientific excellence, covers all disciplines as well as interdisciplinary projects and represent about 30% of the ANR budget.
- The thematic programmes correspond to strategic priorities in major areas: "Ecosystems and sustainable development", "Energy and sustainable development", "life sciences and health", "Information and communication technologies (including nanotechnologies)", "engineering and processes", "Social sciences and humanities". Projects are selected on the basis of scientific quality as well as strategic and economic relevance.
As well there are two kinds of call for proposals:
- Calls for proposals open to all kinds of applicants, for advancing knowledge
- Calls for proposals open to public-private partnerships, for development of applied research and for knowledge transfer
French Research Institute for Exploitation of the Sea, France
Role in SEAS-ERA: IFREMER will lead WP4 (Infrastructures). They will also contribute to WP2 (Common Programmes) and will join the Atlantic network (WP6) specially regarding the infrastructure issues.
IFRPLLM (IFREMER) is a public institution created by the Decree of 5 June 1984. It is the only French public organisation with an entirely maritime responsibility. It operates under the joint auspices of the Ministries of Research, Agriculture and Fisheries, Transport and Housing, and Ecology and Sustainable Development. IFREMER is required to implement and promote fundamental and applied research, along with technological developments, in order to assess and valorise the marine environment and to enable the maritime activities to develop. Article 4 in the Decree displays that IFREMER is in charge of proposing to the French government national research and development programmes, and to implement them using contractual tools. It also states that IFREMER has to be the acting body for the ministry for Fisheries and the Ministry for Research (in the maritime domains) when the programmes deal with more than one research partner. IFREMER is administrated through a board of Directors, composed of representatives from the relevant Ministries. IFREMER funds are available through annual grants from the Ministries corresponding to annual or multi-annual programmes. IFREMER has an annual budget dedicated to Marine Science of €160 Millions.
Among the various National Programmes implemented on behalf of the above mentioned Ministries, one can mention:
- The National environmental networks, for coastal water quality and aquaculture resources (i.e. the Phytoplankton and Phycotoxin Monitoring Network (REPHY), the Microbiological Network (REMI), the Coastal Sea Biodiversity Observatory (REBENT) by delegation of the Ministry for Environment;
- The National Programme for Coastal Ecology Research (PNEC) by delegation of the Ministry for Research;
- The National Fisheries Advisory System by delegation of the Ministry for Agriculture and Fisheries.
Apart from the implementation of Research Programmes, IFREMER is in charge, according to its Decree, of the management of infrastructures to support the French Research Area in the context of marine sciences. With an annual budget of 42M€, it is the funding agency for the whole French universities and Research organisation:
- The National Fleet for Fisheries and Oceanography Research purposes (vessels, manned and un-manned underwater vehicles).
- The National Oceanography Database, operated by the SISMER Service.
It also receive dedicated funds (2M€) from the Ministry of Research to coordinate the research realised by the University in the marine biology domain by creating Thematic Research Groups (GDR).
Ifremer has soon represented the French Ministry of Research in the Marine previous ERANETS such as MARINERA (coordinator) , AMPERA (WP leader) and MARIFISH (WP leader).
Marine Board - European Science Foundation, France
Role in SEAS-ERA: The MB will lead the strategic analysis at pan-european level (WP1), and will provide support to the strategic analysis in the different regions (WP6, WP7, and WP8). They will also lead the coordination with other initiatives/stakeholders (Task 10.2).
Mission: The Marine Board provides a pan-European platform for its member organisations to develop common priorities, to advance marine research and to bridge the gap between science and policy, in order to meet future marine science challenges and opportunities.
The Marine Board-ESF (established 1995) provides a forum for the strategic coordination of the activities and policies of national marine research funding agencies and national marine research facilities, towards enhanced synergy. The Marine Board addresses four main objectives: creating a forum for its member organisations; identifying scientific strategic issues through foresight activities; providing a voice for European marine science; and promoting synergy among national programmes and research facilities. Emphasis is on increasing the uptake and impact of research output into the policy interface; this is achieved through hosting regular science policy workshops, publication of position papers targeted at policy makers, issuing statements in response to EU initiatives. The Marine Board bring to the SEAS-ERA consortium its experiences as facilitator in establishing a sustainable dialogue between marine Research Funding Organisations (RFOs) in Europe, through its involvement in:
- Initiating and ensuring the (deputy) coordination of MarinERA, FP6 ERA-NET dedicated to the coordination of national and regional marine science programmes;
- Establishing a platform for interactions for RFOs through the MarinERA - AMPERA Forum series for FP6 marine and environmental ERA-NETs, brainchild of the MB-ESF Secretariat;
- Providing a node for policy interface (e.g. Policy Interface Panel to be established in the frame of EMAR2RES project, FP7 CSA 2009-2012);
- Providing a node for foresight development based on the Marine Board´s Navigating the Future series, and Marine Board Working Groups and resulting Position Papers. See: http://www.esf.org/marineboard/publications